Exercising in pregnancy restores key tissues, betters health

Exercising does carry a number of benefits and a new study in this regard has found that working out immediately, prior to and during pregnancy restores key tissues, thus, making them better in managing blood sugar levels and decreasing risk of long term health problems.

Findings of this study were published in the journal ‘Physiological Reports’. Being overweight during pregnancy levels the risk of complications in the mother, such as gestational diabetes, and predisposes both her and the infant to develop metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes in the years after pregnancy. It also has positive effects prior to and during pregnancy, with beneficial outcomes for both mother and her child, preventing excessive gestational weight gain and the development of gestational diabetes, and the need for insulin use in women who have already developed gestational diabetes.

However, little is known about the changes caused to the tissues of obese pregnant mother through exercise. To answer this question, researchers fed mice with a sugary, high-fat diet such that they become obese and then the obese mice were made to exercise. They exercised on a treadmill for 20 minutes a day for at least a week before their pregnancy and then for 12.5 minutes a day until day 17 of the pregnancy (pregnancy lasts for around 20 days in mice). Researchers found that the beneficial effects on metabolic health in obese mothers were related to changes in how molecules and cells communicate in maternal tissues during pregnancy.(ANI)