Scientists of IllustrisTNG Project have developed the most detailed simulation model of the Universe ever called the TNG50.
Galaxies form from wild cosmic chaos of matter and energy over billions of years.
However, how the structure of the Universe that we see today came into being and its timeline from the Big Bang is perhaps the greatest mysteries.
To solve the cosmic puzzle, international cooperation by scientists developed the most elaborately detailed simulation model of the universe.
So, the scientists are calling the highly detailed simulation of the Universe as TNG50.
The measurements of the virtually simulated universe are – 230 million light-years wide.
It encompasses lacs of evolving galaxies with intricate detailing that till now was only offered by models of individual galaxies.
The simulated Universe tracks over 20 billion particles which include gases, stars, dark matter, and also supermassive black holes.
The timescale of the simulation is 13.8 billion years i.e. the currently accepted age of the Universe.
How the never-before detailing helps cosmic researchers?
It allows scientists to observe key parameters and also offers unprecedented insights into the past.
The simulation also shows how galaxies with weird shapes are formed.
Furthermore, it gives a clearer picture of how exploding stars and black holes enabled galaxy formations and the evolution of superclusters.
The scientists of IllustrisTNG Project now plan to extend the data from the simulation in the public domain so that astronomers can benefit from studying the insights globally.
About the TNG50 Simulated Universe
So, the simulation is developed via the IllustrisTNG Project. Furthermore, the scientists involved envision creating a ‘total’ view of the evolution of the universe right from the Big Bang.
As per Paul Torrey, ass. prof – physics, University of Florida and the study’s co-author, “What’s fundamentally new about TNG50, is that you’re getting to a sufficiently high mass and spatial resolution within the galaxies that give you a clear picture of what the internal structure of the systems looks like as they form and evolve.”
The tech behind the simulation model
The extremely heavy universe simulation TNG50 needed 16 thousand processor cores in the Hazel Hen supercomputer located in Stuttgart, Germany.
Moreover, the supercomputer ran without a halt for over a year. In fact, the same calculations will take 15,000 years to process through a single processor system.