The incredible story behind ISROs next-generation carrier rocket, which may have caused a delay in Chandrayaan-2, shows how India’s space agency broke NASA’s global dominance.
ISRO was once denied the cryogenic technology by the US, instead of backing down, they went on to make the rocket on their own proving their mettle to the other international space agencies.
- The GSLV MK-III rocket is designed by ISRO to carry heavier payloads deeper into space.
- The rocket uses a Cryogenic engine to provide thrust using liquid hydrogen and oxygen.
- Cryogenic is the science relating to the behaviour of materials at very low temperatures.
- ISRO’s plan to develop its own cryogenic rocket was first initiated in the mid-1980s.
- ISRO originally planned to fast-track the process by importing a few of these engines.
- India was then denied the sale of these engines because of the pressure created by the US on Russia to cancel the deal.
- ISRO then went on to develop the engine on its own, and after more than a decade of hard work and determination, the MK-III was developed.
- Unfortunately, the first two launches of second-generation GSLV rocket ended in failures.
- But the success came at last in December 2014, when ISRO successfully carried out the experimental flight of GSLV MK-III.
- There is no official statement from ISRO related to the problem detected, but media reports are speculating that it could relate to the cryogenic upper stage.
By: Ishant Chaudhary, Editorial Desk, DKODING Media