NITI Aayog has come forward to take India out of water crisis by desalinating sea water and supplying it through pipelines.
Niti Aayog has proposed to exploit India’s vast coastline and its marine waters by desalinating sea water.
- According to the NITI Aayog report, 600 million people in India face high-to-extreme water stress.
- 75% of households do not have drinking water on premises and 84% rural households do not have access to piped water.
- This can be done by setting up floating desalinated plants in marine water under India’s command or set up plants along the country’s 7,800-km coastline.
- Solar energy and Ocean energy will be used for the working of this project.
- India is ranked at 120 among 122 countries in the quality of water.
- India is expected to see the worst water crisis by 2030, almost 23 major cities will be running out of water.
- Rapid climate change and ongoing over-extraction of groundwater which is mainly used for agriculture are the prime factors for the government to look for such projects to come out of water crisis.
- Israel is already using the same technology to use desalinated water for household purpose.
- Around 70% of household water comes from desalinated sea water in Israel.