Government after Government irrespective of political parties — since independence have deliberately chosen to avoid framing comprehensive laws to administer, naturalize or govern refugees, asylum seekers or illegal economic migrants.
In the CAA protests, it’s
nothing but total mis-representation of the facts and priorities. People are being misled and therefore this news article is an awakening for one and all — who have blindly decided to go against CAA. Rather people of India should demand a comprehensive solution if at all and not just their right to protest!
Heads Up —
- Narendra Modi On CAA and Protests
- Root cause of CAA
- CAA Protests in Delhi — Video
- 3 Reasons for India to Stay Away From UN’s 1951 Convention on Refugees and 1967 Protocol
- Why Refugee Concerns Often Go Unheard in India
- Sitaram Yechury, D. Raja and Brinda Karat On CAA Protests
- Rahul Gandhi On CAA And Protests
- Is Congress Exposed? — Manmohan Singh in 2003 ( Video)
- Sonia Gandhi’s Monologue on CAA
- Mamta Banerjee Anti CAA Protests
- Amit Shah Breaks Silence on CAA
- Arvind Kejriwal’s Take on CAA
Using one or the other refugee groups to play their Vote bank politics games. The ignorant common man continues to be misled into protesting or supporting one stance or the other instead of demanding better laws and administration.Sourav Chatterjee
Narendra Modi Tweets ON CAA Protests
Root Cause of CAA
The root cause of CAA is undisputedly the treatment of refugees or the illegal economic immigrants. Let’s also add asylum seekers here. India’s refugee issues came with it’s independence-partition and the crises continued in and out of the neighbouring countries.
Refugees and migrants from Tibet, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Srilanka, Myanmar, Nepal, Iran, Middle East and Africa have come to India primarily due to conflicts, persecution, fear and so to say ‘economic reasons’. After 70 years of independent India, it is yet to have a complete refugee and citizenship policy with closed borders and well-guarded doors.
India is neither a party to the UN’s 1951 Convention on Refugees nor 1967 Protocol for multiple reasons —
- India perceives the convention to be Euro-centric and steeped in Cold War Politics, so have followed a Non-Alignment Policy for years
- The convention places
undue burdenon developing nations to handle refugee influxes especially when they fail to meet the basic needs of their own citizens.
- It sees — acceding to the Convention as compromising it’s sovereignty and national security concerns.
The lack of an official asylum policy in India has led the governments to pursue an adhoc approach to different refugee populations. With
no distinction between a foreigner and a refugee —
India’s refugee response revolves around politics rather than protection.
Identity politics is nothing new in India and has been a mainstay across successive administrations — be it the current ones or back in times.
Quite clearly the political class, intellectuals, historians, bureaucrats, diplomats and the citizens are equally responsible. The common citizen has played itself into the games of supporting one party or the other instead of demanding a clear and effective policy and laws to govern refugees and naturalization of foreign immigrants.
Securing Vote Bank
absence of a clear and detailed domestic law and poor asylum status management might not be the only reason — why refugee concerns often go unheard in India. Lack of a strong political ‘will’ and public focus is also among the chief concerns. It seems like the issue of illegal migrations is only raked up during assembly elections and further used to secure vote bank politics.
A combination of porous borders, hostile neighbours and external militancy means that the Indian state would want complete autonomy in regulating the entry of foreigners. India’s position is of a volatile region i.e. a hindu majority nation surrounded by mostly muslim-majority nations— makes India even more cautious about refugee flows —
disturbing it’s demographic makeup.
Keeping these factors in mind, India has avoided putting in place an official refugee policy. However, this stance is complicated by the fact that every conflict in the region has sent several waves of refugees to India. And the systems have been guilty of using them for political benefits.
Those who see the Left and the Liberals as a voice of inclusiveness are as much responsible for the crisis and atrocities on refugees.
Despite India’s constitutional status as a secular country, the legal vacuum in refugee protection allows India to act selectively. Successive governments have turned to vote-bank politics for mustering electoral support from different refugee groups.
Rahul Gandhi On CAA And Protests
While the protesting proxies of the Left and Congress talk of opposing CAA — “Can they shrug from what had happened, when they were in power and that they used extra judicial measures at whims and fancies.
Is Congress Exposed? — Manmohan Singh in 2003
Sonia Gandhi’s Monologue on CAA
“Little does our current generation know that between 14 and 16th May 1979, — one of the worst human rights violations of post-independent India, the West Bengal govt under Jyoti Basu’s leadership forcibly evicted around 10,000 dalit refugees or more from the island of Marichjhapi.
There were rape, murder and poisoning cases. Bodies were buried in the sea.
Countless were killed even as some escaped, too afraid to tell the tale. Some say at least 7,000 men, women and children were killed. No media was allowed in the area for weeks and months.
Social media and internet were not invented then —though intellectuals existed then as they do now.
- Refer to the book ‘Blood Island: An Oral History of Marichjhapi Massacre’ written by Deep Halder published by Harper Collins —
Though all may not agree to CAA or a proposed NRC, it is imperative that India should draft it’s own comprehensive refugee policy — for the situation could only get worse.
Right or wrong —it is atleast some initiative to define a policy by enacting a law. Radical opposition including misleading suggestions for UN referendum (as suggested by Mamta Bannerjee) will only undermine the intentions.
Displaced refugees fleeing conflict zones could soon give way to climate refugees (those fleeing the worst effects of climate change) — a new breed of those categorised under environmental refugees.
Mamata Banerjee tweeted about her protest. She urged people to join her against the ‘unconstitutional’ CAA —
With new challenges at hand of mixed human migratory pattern, the call is loud and clear for nations including India to equip themselves with more empathetic refugee and migrant policies.
The politics of mindless protests and mob mobilization will not be a solution to either the refugee problem or the welfare of those deserving citizenship and protection.
The question is — “How many intellectuals, ex-bureaucrats and experts have floated a genuine Naturalisation and Refugee policy” — That is enactable as a law?
A taxpayer and citizen of India therefore should demand a comprehensive solution and not just the right to protest!
BEFORE YOU GO —
Amit Shah On CAA
Arvind Kejriwal’s Take On CAA