Every year, the country celebrates National Mathematics Day on December 22 to commemorate the birth anniversary of Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.
In 2012 former prime minister Manmohan Singh declared ’22 december’ as the “National Mathematics Day” on the occasion of 125th birth anniversary of Indian mathematical genius Srinivasa Ramanujan.
Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on 22 december 1887 during the British rule in India. He wasn’t able to get any formal education in Pure Mathematics but his curiosity and love for the subjects helped him to contribute in mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions, including solutions to mathematical problems considered to be unsolvable.
Initially Srinivasa was unable to impress honored mathematicians by his work but the turning point came in 1913, where he contacted G.H .Hardy at University of Cambridge, England. G.H .Hardy got highly impressed by his work and arranged his travel to cambridge. Ramanujan was able to compile nearly 3,900 results (mostly identities and equations) among which his original and highly unconventional theories such as the Ramanujan prime, the Ramanujan theta function, partition formulae and mock theta functions were recognized widely.He was the youngest Fellows of the Royal Society and only the second Indian member, and the first Indian to be elected a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
In 1919 Srinivasa Ramanujan returned to Kumbakonam, Madras Presidency due to his ill health, and soon thereafter, in 1920, died at the age of 32, Throughout his life, Ramanujan demonstrated an unparalleled passion towards Mathematics and more than formal education, it was his love and creativity for the subject that led him to greatness. The inspiration drawn from Ramanujan can go a long way in shaping our approach to learning and this day every student across the country and world looks at him for their dose of inspiration.
Srinivasa Ramanujan made substantial contributions in the field of mathematics without having any formal training. National Mathematics Day is celebrated to honour his contributions. pic.twitter.com/MbPUK4CdR7
— Congress (@INCIndia) December 22, 2018